The state budget.
A deadline set by the legislature, typically in December. Lawmakers are required to submit the vague ideas of bills they may author and introduce. Bill requests do not contain lawmaking language. There is no limit to the amount of bills that may be reused. Recently, around 3,000 bills have been requested year to year.
Any legislator may request explorations into policy topics called interim studies, though not all requests are granted. These studies take place during the time between the two regular sessions. Studies are intended to gather research on the requested topic during public legislative committee meetings. The research is gathered from speakers, or experts, selected by the legislator(s) who requested the interim study (on rare occasions, the committee chair may tap a speaker). Interim studies rarely generate formal reports or recommendations, but their work can guide future legislation. [Metriarch, OK Policy]
The time period when legislators meet to pass bills.
The annual, constitutionally required session between February and May. Regular sessions cover all policy topics. Because a Legislature (as in the cohort of legislators) lasts 2 year, each Legislature’s tenure is broken into 2 sessions: First Regular Session and Second Regular Session. There is not much difference between the rules of First and Second regular sessions except carryover.
A session that takes place outside of a regular session, often during the period between regular sessions. The Legislature or the Governor may call a special session. Special sessions are called to address one topic (such as tax rates or education funding), although it can be amended. On rare occasion, a special session may overlap with a regular session or separate special sessions such as in 2022. Bills during special sessions are identified with an X in their bill number that corresponds with the special session number (ex: second special session bill number’s would have two X like so HB1001XX or SB10XX).
Legislation can only be related to one item, or “subject”. A bill to rename a highway would likely be rejected if it also addressed water quality. Committees are charged with determining whether or not a bill meets this rule, however questions about a bill’s single subject often reaches the Oklahoma Supreme Court.
Proposed laws that are decided on by the voters, not the Legislature and Governor. State questions may propose/seek new laws, amend current laws, veto/overturn laws recently signed by the governor, or amend the state constitution. State questions may be placed on the ballot by citizens through signature collection or through a legislative Joint Resolution.
Removing constitutionally required language from a bill, rendering it unable to pass. Striking allows a chamber one last look and chance to edit a bill before moving towards the Governor. Striking the Title or Enacting Clause also allows legislators to vote for a bill they may have problems with knowing they will see an edited version before the bill is finalized.